9 Common Sub-Floor Installation Mistakes—and How to Avoid Them

From tight spacing to improper fasteners, simple errors can lead to callbacks. Here’s a best-practice refresher. 

July 13, 2018
LP Legacy

One of the benefits of OSB panels is simple installation. Familiar tools, straightforward methods, and a small bit of attention are all that’s required to ensure a solid sub-floor in everyday applications.

Still, as with any product, missing steps or not following instructions can lead to mistakes. And in the case of sub-floors, those mistakes can mean movement, buckling, squeaks—and potential callbacks. 

Here are a few of the most common mistakes installers make with OSB and how to avoid making them. As always, refer to the manufacturer’s installation instructions for complete details.

1. Improper Spacing Between Panels: Like any wood product, OSB will expand and contract after installation; without a small gap between panel ends, the expansion could cause buckling. Most manufacturers recommend 1/8” at panel ends and edges. For some premium sub-floors, 1/16” may be enough along panel edges, so refer to the installation instructions. Panels with tongue-and-groove sides will self-gap, as long as they’re not pressed together too tightly (don’t force or hammer TNG sides together). 

Alternatively, don’t leave too much space. If the spacing is wider than 1/8”, it could lead to movement and noise. 

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The tongue-and-groove sides of LP Legacy® premium engineered sub-floor are self-gapping to provide the desired 1/16” spacing between panels. The panels fit together with ease.

 

2. Upside-down Installation: Panels may be sanded on one or both sides. In all cases, the detailed panel trademark stamp should be installed downward so they can be examined during inspections. Installing some panels with the trademark side up may result in a slightly uneven surface.

3. Improper Fastener Placement: Fasten panels using 8d ring-shank nails or other code-approved fasteners. Install fasteners beginning 3/8” from panel corner and then 6” on-center along the panel edges, and at 12” on-center along center supports. Be sure to place all perimeter fasteners 3/8” back from the nearest panel edge; this will help reduce the chance of edge swell.

4. Gluing Too Far Ahead: For efficiency, many installers prefer to lay down several panels’ worth of glue at a time, but the time delay could cause the adhesive to skim over, affecting its strength and potential noise. For best results, work no more than one panel ahead. 

5. Not Gluing the Tongue-and-Groove: Applying a small bead of glue in the tongue-and-groove can significantly help reduce any movement and noise. 

6. Delaying Fastening: Again, it’s tempting to tack the corners and come back to screw all the panels down at once. But by then the glue is already set. Fasten each panel fully as you go to ensure full adhesion and avoid movement and noise down the road. 

7. Using Improper Fasteners: Using code-approved screws rather than nails is the best option for avoiding movement. If using nails for sub-floor installation, stick with ring-shank nails; smooth nails may withdraw easier, leading to squeaks. 

8. Letting Water Sit: If the floor system is exposed to the elements and bulk water is present, sweep it off or drill drainage holes. Some sub-floor panels come with built-in notches to help drain water. 

 

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If bulk water is present on the subflooring panels, drill drainage holes or sweep the water off. This step is not required for LP Legacy engineered sub-floor panels, which have built-in drainage notches. 

 

9. Improper Storage: Always store panels in a clean, dry area and off the ground. If possible, store panels indoors. If stored outside, cover panels with plastic sheets or tarps. Keep cover open and away from the sides and bottom of the panels to allow for air circulation. Space units at least 4” on all four sides. Protect edges to avoid damage to the tongue-and-groove profile. 

A well-installed sub-floor is one that homeowners don’t have to think about after they move in. Avoiding these common errors can help ensure your flooring system is stable, quiet, and reliable for years to come. 
 

Senior Marketing Innovation Manager

A licensed Civil Engineer, Allan Burk is the Senior Marketing Innovation Manager for LP Building Products’ OSB and EWP business. Burk has a B.S. degree in Agricultural Engineering from Kansas State University and an M.S. degree in Agricultural Engineering, specializing in wood engineering, at Texas A&M University. He has worked in the wood industry for 30 years. 

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PB-Sub-floor Best Practices,PB-Structural Systems,PB-Construction
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