Senior Editor

Susan Bady has been writing about the housing industry for 30 years. She is senior editor of Professional Builder and Custom Builder magazines, and produces the Design Innovation e-newsletter.  Bady has also written for such consumer magazines as Cabin Life and Better Homes and Gardens’ Home Plan Ideas. You can reach her at sbady@sgcmail.com

Regarding the Bungalow

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Across the U.S., the bungalow is an enduring and well-loved house type—and for good reason

California bungalow front facade
July 08, 2015

One of my favorite childhood memories is spending weekends at my grandparents’ bungalow in Rockaway Beach, N.Y., during the summer. The bungalow was one of many located a few blocks from the beach. It was nothing fancy—an eat-in kitchen and living room on the main level and bedrooms upstairs. It got a little crowded when my aunts and uncles and cousins came for dinner, but aside from the spiders in the outdoor shower, I loved it.

According to Merriam Webster, a bungalow is either one or 1 1/2 stories, with a low-pitched roof and usually a front porch. That description is generic enough to fit the Rockaway Beach house. But when you start looking at regional variations, the bungalow has many interesting architectural characteristics.

Take, for example, the Chicago bungalow, or more specifically, the Berwyn bungalow. Berwyn is a western suburb of Chicago that has long taken pride in its historic homes. In June, the Illinois Historic Sites Advisory Council voted unanimously to move Berwyn’s bungalow district into the National Register of Historic Places.

According to an article in the Chicago Tribune, the Berwyn Historic Bungalow District boasts more than 40 styles of bungalows with a variety of porch configurations, window treatments, and other details. Many were built from 1920 to 1930, when the city was growing and the population booming. Multicolored brick, stained glass, and oak woodwork are typical of the single-family homes. Some have Spanish-tile roofs; others have asphalt shingles. All of them have dormers.

Berwyn is the latest Chicago neighborhood to obtain protection for its bungalows. The Historic Chicago Bungalow Association, formed in 2000, has created 11 districts throughout the city’s Bungalow Belt to preserve approximately 80,000 homes built from 1910 to 1945. Drive through any of these neighborhoods and you’ll quickly see how worthwhile it is to preserve them.

The bungalow has enjoyed popularity in other parts of the U.S., including the Northwest and Southern California. California bungalows are larger and more open to the elements, with deeper roof overhangs for protection from the sun. In the Northwest, bungalows have more robust roof systems to withstand heavy rains. Chicago bungalows are built out of brick, which was a cheaper and more readily available material at the time. They’re also narrower to fit city lots and have rear-loaded alleys for vehicle access.

No doubt my grandparents’ bungalow, along with its neighbors, was torn down long ago. It may not have had the architectural significance of the Berwyn beauties, but it has a sentimental attachment. For me, “bungalow” will always be synonymous with comfort, family, and joy.

Comments

Having been born in 1938; my early years were in houses built for utility. They were not very
efficient by today's standards but were quaint and comfortable. Nobody had air conditioning
but houses had good ventilation. Open windows and fresh air were normal and wellcoming.
Front porches were the social networking of the times. We actually knew our neighbors. I AM
a proponent of safe,sanitary housing as described in Gov't programs that I used as a Builder
of ' low income' housing in 60's / 70's. The early 80's began the demise of affordable housing
programs which had worked very effectively. Some of the good ole days were really good days.

Thank you, Susan, for that summary of one of my favorite styles!  It was the un-pretentious workingman's house, with no wasted space. The builders of yesterday were always careful to flip the plan according to which side of the street it was on, so the dining room and kitchen got the south sun, while the bedrooms and bath faced north.   Today, we often are called on to update them by opening up walls between kitchen and adjacents spaces, and make the basements into first class living spaces by moving ductwork, adding window wells, and even digging out floors.  An 1100 s.f. bungalow can live a LOT larger if you have another 1100 s.f. down below, and that is before we even talk about adding up!

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