flexiblefullpage - default
Currently Reading

Estimating The Number Of Children Per Home

billboard - default

Estimating The Number Of Children Per Home

Builders need to keep in mind impact fees, so NAHB tabulated the average number of school-age children in housing units across the country

By NAHB February 28, 2017
This article first appeared in the March 2017 issue of Pro Builder.

Local governments often charge builders of residential developments impact fees, which help to pay for infrastructure associated with children entering the public education system.

Builders have an interest in making sure that the number of school-age children in new developments is accurately estimated. Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (2015), NAHB tabulated the average number of school-age children, defined as children between the ages of 5 and 18, in housing units. The results include breakdowns by the type of residential unit, such as single-family detached and multifamily, as well as by household characteristics, such as mobility and tenure.

The most prominent finding from the report is that, on average, there is less than one school-age child per housing unit in the U.S.—approximately 41 children per 100 housing units (all occupied and vacant units). 

Other findings from the analysis:

  • Owner-occupied units have fewer children than renter-occupied units: There are 45.6 children per 100 owner-occupied units compared with 49.6 children per 100 renter-occupied units.
  • For most residential types, there are fewer children among households moving into new construction compared with those moving into existing units. Newly constructed single-family attached units have an average of just 30.2 children per 100 units, compared with 45.2 per 100 existing units. Newly constructed multifamily developments have an average of 21.9 children per 100 units, compared with 26.3 per 100 existing units.
  • Multifamily units with one bedroom or fewer have the least number of children compared with multifamily units that have more bedrooms: There are 7.7 children per 100 one-bedroom multifamily units, and 71.6 children per 100 three or more bedroom multifamily units.

On average, states in the Northeast region have fewer children per housing unit. Vermont and Maine have the fewest, at 25.8 children per 100 housing units, followed by the District of Columbia, which has just 26.5 children per 100 units. 

South Dakota has the lowest average number of children in multifamily units (13.9 per 100 units), followed by Montana (14.4), and North Dakota (15.8).

(Click charts to enlarge)

leaderboard2 - default

Related Stories

Labor + Trade Relations

Who's Earning What in Construction

Workers in construction management roles may earn a higher median wage, but on average, lower-paid occupations have experienced somewhat faster wage growth

Build to Rent

Build-to-Rent Is Booming, Particularly in These Metros

A recent report finds that the Phoenix metro leads with more than 4,000 build-to-rent units completed in 2023, and Texas is the leading state for build-to-rent development


Which Green Building Practices Are Home Builders Using Most?

A recent report reveals which green-building practices are most popular among single-family home builders and remodelers

boombox1 -
native1 - default
halfpage2 -

More in Category

Delaware-based Schell Brothers, our 2023 Builder of the Year, brings a refreshing approach to delivering homes and measuring success with an overriding mission of happiness

NAHB Chairman's Message: In a challenging business environment for home builders, and with higher housing costs for families, the National Association of Home Builders is working to help home builders better meet the nation's housing needs

Sure there are challenges, but overall, Pro Builder's annual Housing Forecast Survey finds home builders are optimistic about the coming year

native2 - default
halfpage1 -

Create an account

By creating an account, you agree to Pro Builder's terms of service and privacy policy.

Daily Feed Newsletter

Get Pro Builder in your inbox

Each day, Pro Builder's editors assemble the latest breaking industry news, hottest trends, and most relevant research, delivered to your inbox.

Save the stories you care about

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet lorem ipsum dolor sit amet lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

The bookmark icon allows you to save any story to your account to read it later
Tap it once to save, and tap it again to unsave

It looks like you’re using an ad-blocker!

Pro Builder is an advertisting supported site and we noticed you have ad-blocking enabled in your browser. There are two ways you can keep reading:

Disable your ad-blocker
Disable now
Subscribe to Pro Builder
Already a member? Sign in
Become a Member

Subscribe to Pro Builder for unlimited access

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.